Interacciones 2023-01-29T22:23:39-05:00 David Villarreal-Zegarra Open Journal Systems <div id="journalDescription"> <p><strong>Interacciones</strong>&nbsp;is a scientific journal that is based on the double-blind paper review, whose aim is to promote the dissemination of research in <strong>health psychology, clinical psychology and family psychology</strong>. This journal is edited by the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica – IPOPS</a>, always maintaining its editorial independence. This open-access journal publishes papers in English and Spanish.</p> <p>Interacciones respect the criteria established by the indexing systems in terms of editorial characteristics. Those interested in sending manuscripts can download our guide of "<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>PUBLICATION NORMS</strong></a>". The journal has a permanent call for articles; that is, authors can submit articles for consideration throughout the year.</p> <p>The journal is aimed at researchers, professionals and students in behavioral sciences and psychological research, from a broad thematic and theoretical spectrum. Thanks to the sustained increase in the number of manuscripts received, between 2017 and 2020, the journal was published three times a year (January, May, and September). From 2021 onwards, the journal will have a continuous periodicity publishing the articles as soon as they are accepted.</p> </div> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p>Interacciones is registered in the following databases, directories, platforms, libraries and networks:<strong> DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals; REDALYC; LATINDEX catálogo; DIALNET; REDIB - Red Iberoamericana de Innovación y Conocimiento Científico; ERIH PLUS European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences; MIAR - Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals; Actualidad Iberoamericana; Portal Regional de la Bibliotéca Virtual en Salud BVS-LILACS; Google Scholar; CLASE - Citas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades; EZ3 - Electronic Journals Library; CROSSREF.</strong></p> </div> Interacciones: Journal of Family, Clinical and Health Psychology 2022-03-27T00:31:59-04:00 David Villarreal-Zegarra Anthony Copez-Lonzoy Jeff Huarcaya-Victoria Renzo Rivera Nikol Mayo-Puchoc <p>Editorial.</p> 2022-03-27T00:31:04-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Knowledge about COVID-19, coping and resilience in Mexican women: comparison by stress levels 2022-03-02T15:10:26-05:00 Ana Leticia Becerra Gálvez Alejandro Pérez-Ortiz Yuma Yoaly Pérez-Bautista Isaías Vicente Lugo-González América Genevra Franco-Moreno Erick Alberto Medina-Jiménez <p><strong>Background:</strong> The psychosocial effects derived from the COVID-19 pandemic have represented a challenge for the population worldwide. Stress is a frequent problem reported by women, impacting the strategies they use to deal with problems in daily life and their ability to recover from this critical phenomenon. <strong>Objective: </strong>The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between stress levels, knowledge about COVID -19, ways of coping, and resilience in women. <strong>Method:</strong> A non-experimental, cross-sectional, and correlational study was carried out in a group of 386 Mexican women through a format that was distributed on social networks. <strong>Results:</strong> The data suggest that the higher the level of knowledge about COVID-19, the greater the perceived stress. High stress is positively and statistically significantly related to coping style, <em>denial</em> (r = .245; q = .20) and <em>cognitive-reflective analysis</em> <em>(r =</em> .303; <em>q=</em> .21). Low levels of stress are negatively and statistically significantly associated with a weak effect size with factors like <em>social competence</em> (<em>r=</em> -.198; <em>q=</em> .11) and <em>family support</em> (<em>r = </em>-. 227;<em> q =</em> .16). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Stress affects women considerably due to work overload and interpersonal factors. This study offers the possibility of knowing the emotional state of women in times of COVID-19.</p> 2022-03-02T15:10:26-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Anxiety and adaptation to pandemic in Mexico: A cross-sectional study 2022-03-14T16:42:38-04:00 Javier Álvarez Bermúdez Cecilia Meza Peña Grupo de investigación internacional PSYCOVID Nodo México <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;An aspect that becomes relevant in the current pandemic situation is the probable psychological effects that it may cause. A series of studies have shown that these kinds of critical situations have effects such as the development of anxiety processes in people. Hence the interest in knowing how health habits help to adapt to the pandemic and mediate anxiety processes.&nbsp;<strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;to analyze the relationship of healthy habits with anxiety and adaptation to confinement.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;7,439 people from Mexico participated, with ages between 18 and 80 years (<em>M</em>&nbsp;= 36.99,&nbsp;<em>SD</em>&nbsp;= 14.00).&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;We found that sleep (58%), eating (29%) and physical activity (52%) habits have been affected by confinement; 11.5% of the participants showed indicators of anxiety. The 9% of participants adapted poorly to confinement. The variable that best predicts adaptation to confinement is anxiety, followed by food, sleep, and physical activity. Those who are most affected by habits are young people and women by gender.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:</strong>&nbsp;The pandemic has led to changes in negative habits in a large sector of the population, which are now considered risk factors for physical and mental health. In addition, habits are associated with anxiety and adaptation, so it is necessary to provide society with strategies that allow proper management of habits, which can prevent the manifestation of anxiety.</span></p> 2022-01-30T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Theory of Planned Behavior in predicting condom use in Latin-American Women 2022-04-19T17:31:15-04:00 David Javier Enríquez-Negrete Ricardo Sánchez-Medina Susana Xóchitl Bárcena-Gaona Itzel Guadalupe Chávez-Santos <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;The theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is used to predict condom use. The present study assessed the causal relationships of the TPB in a cultural context different from the one that was proposed.</span><strong><span lang="EN-US"> Objective: </span></strong><span lang="EN-US">To assess the causal relationships among the variables proposed by the TCP to determine if they predict consistent condom use in two groups of Latina women and to identify the inter-group similarities in both groups and the discrepancies with what the model proposes for the North American population.</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Method:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">A set of variables were evaluated in two samples of Latina women (Mexican and Argentine): consistency of condom use, intention to use condoms in the next sexual encounter, the subjective norm of friends and parents, attitudes towards condoms, and perceived behavioral control to use condoms. We used the Linear regression analysis.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Results:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Intention to use condoms was found to be the best predictor of condom use. Subjective norm was more important than attitudes; although the latter variable was not configured as a predictor in Argentine women.</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;Conclusion:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The associations between the CTP variables and the predictive values of the variables may change according to the cultural group evaluated; perceived behavioral control, in both samples, was not a direct predictor of condom use behavior, but it was a predictor of intention to use condoms. In addition, we discussed the relevance of the variables proposed by the TCP about the cultural context of Latinos and the critical use of the model in populations other than North America.</span></p> 2022-04-19T17:31:13-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Perception of individual and group discrimination among LGB individuals in Puerto Rico: A descriptive study 2022-07-22T09:45:30-04:00 Caleb Esteban Juan Aníbal González-Rivera <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;Discrimination is one or more unjustified negative behaviors towards a person based on one or more characteristics of that person. In the case of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons, they have been constant victims of stereotypes, prejudices, and discrimination around the world. However, few scientific studies explore the experiences of discrimination in Puerto Rico, since most studies have focused on negative attitudes, prejudice, and social distance.&nbsp;<strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;The aims of this brief report are 1) to describe in detail the relative importance of the quality of the items of the Perceived Discrimination in the LGB Community Scale, and 2) to describe the experiences of discrimination both at the individual and group level of an LGB sample according to the order of relative importance found.&nbsp;<strong>Method:&nbsp;</strong>This research had a quantitative method with a descriptive study design, instrumental type. To meet the objective of this study, the data collected in each item was independently evaluated to examine the experience and perception of each participant in the situation presented by each premise. A non-probability sample of 300 LGB participants was recruited in Puerto Rico.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;The area with the highest reported experiences of individual discrimination was the relationship category (<em>M</em>=.700), followed by psychological (<em>M</em>=.630), society/environmental (<em>M</em>=.566), family/employment (<em>M</em>=.566) and physical (<em>M</em>=.386) respectively. The area with the highest perceptions of group discrimination reported by the sample was the education/health category (<em>M</em>&nbsp;= .882), followed by culture/society (<em>M</em>=.827), politics (<em>M</em>=.803), maternity/paternity (<em>M</em>=.802) and locality (<em>M</em>=.791) respectively.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;When analyzing all the items, it was observed that the results of the first 22 positions according to the&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Relative Importance Index</span><span lang="EN-US">, correspond to the experiences of discrimination in a group way. This means that people perceive greater discrimination as a group than the discrimination they perceive about their own person.</span></p> 2022-07-07T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Parental stress and dedication to the education of their children among parents from eastern Peru 2022-10-12T19:31:08-04:00 Jhomira Tucto-Claudio Uriaz Navarro Jessica Aranda-Turpo Julio Cjuno <p><strong>Background:</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong>The parental stress levels increased during their children's virtual education season. This makes parents feel overwhelmed by the demands of the parental role, promoting negative feelings about themselves or their children. Therefore, the aim is to determine the relationship between parental stress and dedication to the virtual education of their children in parents from the city of&nbsp;Tingo&nbsp;Maria, Peru.&nbsp;<strong>Methods:</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong>It is a cross-sectional descriptive non-experimental design study with a correlational scope. The instruments used in the data collection were: The parental Stress Scale and the Questionnaire Dedication to the Virtual Education of their Children, in which 356 parents aged 18 to 59 years (Me=37; SD=7.49) from the Peruvian Amazon dedicated to agriculture participated.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong>Where it was found that there is no relationship between parental stress and dedication to the virtual education of children (rho = -0.096; p = 0.071). However, a highly significant relationship was found between the dimensions of parental rewards (rho = 0.384; p=0.000) and stress factors (rho = -0.270; p = 0.000) with the variable dedication to virtual education with moderate effect size and small respectively. Likewise, significant differences were found between parental stress according to marital status (U= 12056.0, p&lt;0.05, d= 1.703) and children's dedication to virtual education according to age (U=3360.0, p&lt;0.05, d= 1.343).&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong>In the parents who participated in the study, the greater the stressors, the lower the dedication to their children's virtual education, and an increase in parental reward increased the dedication to their children's virtual education. Further studies can explore the relationship of these variables in parents with other socioeconomic conditions and representative samples from other regions.</p> 2022-10-02T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An explanatory model of suicidal ideation based on family functionality and mental health problems: A cross-sectional study of medical students 2023-01-29T22:23:00-05:00 Leslie Aguilar-Sigueñas David Villarreal-Zegarra <p><strong>Background: </strong>One of the mental health problems with the greatest impact on people's lives is suicidal behavior, a largely preventable public health problem that accounts for almost half of all violent deaths. The aim of the study is to propose a model that can explain and predict suicidal ideation based on mental health problems (stress-anxiety-depression) and family functionality (cohesion, flexibility, and cohesion).</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>Our study is cross-sectional. The population consisted of medical interns from all over Peru. Non-probability sampling was used. We used Family Cohesion and Adaptability Evaluation Scale (FACES-III), Family Communication Scale, Family Satisfaction Scale, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21), and the Scale for Suicide Ideation – Worst (SSI-W).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A total of 480 participants were included. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 39Poisson regression analysis adjusted identified that people with anxiety symptoms were more than four times more likely to have suicidal ideation (PR=4.89; 95% CI:1.90-12.64). Also, people with moderate to high levels of family communication were much less likely to have suicidal ideation (PR= 0.07; 95% CI: 0.01-0.41), making it a protective factor. The proposed model presented optimal goodness-of-fit indices (CFI=0.974; TLI=0.974; SRMR=0.055; RMSEA=0.062). In addition, the proposed model can explain the presence of suicidal ideation in 88.3% (R<sup>2</sup>=0.883).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Our model can explain 88.3% of suicidal behavior based on family relationships and mental health problems in medical interns. In addition, the variables that alone were most associated with suicidal behavior were anxious symptoms and family communication as risk factors and protective factors, respectively.</p> 2022-12-15T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Prediction of mental strength from the satisfaction of basic needs in CABA and GBA esports players 2023-01-11T12:34:09-05:00 Pablo Christian González Caino <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Esports are here to stay. Previous studies have shown that sports athletes have characteristics Esports are here to stay. Previous studies have shown that esports athletes have similar characteristics, such as satisfaction from competing, as those in traditional sports. However, being an area still growing, few studies have addressed them in Latin America. This study aimed to determine the relationship and predictors of mental toughness from the satisfaction of basic needs in amateur esports players from the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Methods:</span></strong><strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">For this, a sample of 426 participants (85% male) was constituted, with a mean age of 22 years (SD = 3.67), who answered the Basic Needs Satisfaction in Sport Scale (BNSSS) and the Mental Toughness Index (MTI) questionnaire, as well as a sociodemographic questionnaire.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Results:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The results indicated a strong relationship between both variables, especially with the dimensions of competence satisfaction and perception of choice, also being the main predictors of mental strength.</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></strong><strong><span lang="EN-US">Conclusions:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;These results provide new empirical evidence for this area in formation, as well as different issues to be taken into account to develop mental strength and sporting success in esports.</span></p> 2022-12-12T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Academic self-efficacy as a protective factor for the mental health of university students during the COVID-19 pandemic 2023-01-29T22:23:39-05:00 Nayeli Lucía Ampuero-Tello Angel Christopher Zegarra-López Dharma Ariana Padilla-López Dafne Silvana Venturo-Pimentel <p><a name="_Hlk125788207"></a><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">University students are vulnerable to developing mental health problems due to constant exposure to academic demands. A situation that has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and observed in several recent studies. Therefore, current practices require further research and identification of potentially protective factors for mental health.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Objective:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">This study aimed to analyze academic self-efficacy as a protective factor against depression, anxiety, and stress in university students.&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Methods:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">A cross-sectional design was used with 3525 university students from Lima, Peru. The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress was measured using the DASS-21. Academic self-efficacy was measured with the EPAESA and defined as a predictor of the three mental health conditions. Structural equation modeling was used to test the model, together with a multigroup analysis for gender and working status.</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;Results:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">One-third of the sample had severe to extremely severe symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. Academic self-efficacy was a moderately statistically significant predictor of the three mental health conditions. Relationships were invariant to gender and working status.</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;Conclusions:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Self-efficacy can be considered a protective factor for mental health. Interventions to promote academic self-efficacy may be effective in reducing depression, anxiety, and stress in university students. The findings are discussed together with current studies on the topic.</span></p> 2022-12-28T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Psychometric analysis of a simplified version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in Mexican adults: The ERQ-CA-9 2023-01-20T08:21:57-05:00 Pablo D. Valencia Anabel De la Rosa-Gómez <p><strong><em><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></em></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) is the most widely used measure of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, two core emotion regulation strategies. However, the original ERQ has complex wording, which may make it difficult for readers of lower educational levels.&nbsp;<strong><em>Objective:</em></strong>&nbsp;We aimed to examine the psychometric properties of a simplified version of the ERQ, initially designed for children and adolescents: the ERQ-CA.&nbsp;<strong><em>Method:</em></strong>&nbsp;A sample of 397 Mexican adults was studied (77.3% women, 22.7% men; mean age = 22.84). A confirmatory factor analysis, as well as a graded response model, were used to study the internal functioning of the instrument. In addition, its associations with three psychopathological variables (anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation) were examined.&nbsp;<strong><em>Results:</em></strong>&nbsp;A 9-item version of the ERQ-CA showed adequate fit (CFI = .95, RMSEA = .06), as well as good reliability (ω<sub>reappraisal</sub>&nbsp;= .76; ω<sub>suppression</sub>&nbsp;= .75). Both subscales performed better at levels closer to the mean of their respective constructs. Finally, significant correlations were found between both subscales and the psychopathological variables.&nbsp;<strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong>&nbsp;The 9-item ERQ-CA constitutes a promising alternative to measure cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression in the Mexican adult population.</span></p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Contemporaneous Emotion Regulation Theoretical Models: A Systematic Review 2022-03-23T11:17:57-04:00 Camila Florencia Cremades Cristian Javier Garay Martín Juan Etchevers Roberto Muiños Graciela Mónica Peker Juan Martín Gómez Penedo <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Emotions and their regulation are a phenomenon present in everyday life. Despite its relevance and growing interest, a consensual and univocal definition has not yet been reached.&nbsp;<strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;This paper aims to review contemporary theoretical models of emotion regulation, looking for agreements and divergences between authors. It seeks to identify the main processes considered when working with emotional dysregulation.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;Our team conducted a systematic review in the form of a narrative synthesis following the guidelines of the PRISMA statement. The database used were SCOPUS, PUBMED, and&nbsp;<span class="SpellE">Dialnet</span>. We included articles published between 2018 and 2020, which have been peer-reviewed in indexed scientific journals, whose central theme was the theoretical presentation of the construct of emotional regulation. We excluded articles that conceptualized only one dimension of the construct focused on specific populations and empirical studies without a theoretical conceptualization of the construct. The information was systematized in a table identifying authors' information, country of institutional affiliation, main characteristics of the given definition of emotion regulation, regulation skills mentioned, and underlying theoretical frameworks.&nbsp;<strong>Results:&nbsp;</strong>We identified ten different theoretical frameworks that propose models of emotion regulation. The main components found in the definition were the complexity of the construct, goal orientation, intra- or interpersonal regulation, the proposal of moderators, and its voluntary character.&nbsp;<strong>Discussion:</strong>&nbsp;There is a consensus on the use of emotion regulation strategies to adapt to environmental demands, achieve goals and increase well-being. We identify that people's learning history is an important factor in the development of emotional regulation skills. In addition, context and personality traits are proposed as moderators of the therapeutic efficacy of interventions focused on emotional regulation. Further studies along these lines would favor the implementation of preventive interventions and the personalization of treatments.</span></p> 2022-03-23T11:17:56-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Third-order critical family therapy: rethinking psychopathology and psychotherapy 2022-11-08T11:54:31-05:00 Raúl Medina Centeno <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;The focus of third-order critical family therapy is to raise awareness of the systems of systems – structural, socioeconomic and cultural contexts– that organize lifestyles that interfere with health. This clinical proposal integrates systemic wisdom with social theories, and in particular delves into a sociocultural theory of the human mind, power and emotions, a set of concepts from which indignant love, solidarity dialogue, critical honesty emerge, as the axes from which clinical work is woven. The ultimate goal is for the family to restore critical solidarity dialogue and empower themselves in their well-being.&nbsp;<strong>Method:&nbsp;</strong>Our study is narrative.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">This clinical proposal leads to re-thinking psychopathology not as an individual or biological problem, but as a resistance to those contexts of belonging that excludes and mistreats, and therefore to diagnosis as an active organized social framework. And on the other hand, also to psychotherapy and psychotherapist who must always be critically attentive to explain the&nbsp;<span class="SpellE">androcentrist</span>, classist and Eurocentric privileges of clinical theory and practice, to become health professionals with a social, human, political and ethical perspective.</span></p> 2022-11-08T11:54:30-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## El Esthesioneuroblastoma: the impact of brain oncological disease on neuropsychological changes – Clinical Case Study 2022-12-12T09:48:38-05:00 Charles Ysaacc Da Silva Rodrigues <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Esthesioneuroblastoma-type brain oncology is a rare tumor, but with extensions that can reach the base of the skull and, occasionally, can present long-distance metastases that commonly reach the lungs. We aimed to identify and analyze the neuropsychological changes before and after the surgical intervention.</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Methods:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">Only one participant was considered for this case study, a 53-year-old man who lived in the city of Lisbon. A screening consisting of various subtests of the WISC and the complex figure of Rey was applied. In addition, we used the EADS test to assess emotional regulation.</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Results:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">In the preoperative evaluation, significant alterations were verified for attention, memory, executive functions and all areas of emotional regulation. Once the tumor was removed, hardly any alterations were verified in executive functions and depressive symptomatology.</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Conclusions:&nbsp;</span></strong><strong><span lang="EN-US">S</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">ignificant improvements are verified due to natural stimulation, however, executive functions will have to follow a neuropsychological rehabilitation program to minimize the damage.</span></p> 2022-12-07T12:21:04-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##