Interacciones 2022-01-14T11:32:29-05:00 David Villarreal-Zegarra Open Journal Systems <div id="journalDescription"> <p><strong>Interacciones</strong>&nbsp;is a scientific journal that is based on the double-blind paper review, whose aim is to promote the dissemination of research in <strong>health psychology, clinical psychology and family psychology</strong>. This journal is edited by the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instituto Peruano de Orientación Psicológica – IPOPS</a>, always maintaining its editorial independence. This open-access journal publishes papers in English and Spanish.</p> <p>Interactions respect the criteria established by the indexing systems in terms of editorial characteristics. Those interested in sending manuscripts can download our guide of "<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>PUBLICATION NORMS</strong></a>". The journal has a permanent call for articles; that is, authors can submit articles for consideration throughout the year.</p> <p>The journal is aimed at researchers, professionals and students in behavioral sciences and psychological research, from a broad thematic and theoretical spectrum. Thanks to the sustained increase in the number of manuscripts received, between 2017 and 2020, the journal was published three times a year (January, May, and September). From 2021 onwards, the journal will have a continuous periodicity publishing the articles as soon as they are accepted.</p> </div> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p>Interactions is registered in the following databases, directories, platforms, libraries and networks:<strong> DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals; REDALYC; LATINDEX catálogo; DIALNET; REDIB - Red Iberoamericana de Innovación y Conocimiento Científico; ERIH PLUS European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences; MIAR - Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals; Actualidad Iberoamericana; Portal Regional de la Bibliotéca Virtual en Salud BVS-LILACS; Google Scholar; CLASE - Citas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades; EZ3 - Electronic Journals Library; CROSSREF.</strong></p> </div> Emotional perception of COVID-19 in Mexico: Comparative study between phase 1, phase 2 and the media 2021-01-18T14:37:40-05:00 Isaias Vicente Lugo-González Yuma Yoaly Pérez-Bautista Ana Leticia Becerra-Gálvez Margarita Fernández-Vega Leonardo Reynoso-Erazo <p><strong><span lang="ES">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="ES">Since the first COVID-19 cases in Mexico there have been a variety of emotional responses which have in common fear and stress. The emotional impact of COVID-19 is builded in some way because the information flooding parallel to the pandemic phases, the transition between them and illness perception. The aim of the present work was to compare the perception of COVID-19 between phase 1 and 2 of the pandemic and between the information media used to inform themselves in the Mexican population.&nbsp;<strong>Methods:&nbsp;</strong>Considering a chain sampling, a comparative study was carried out in which an evaluation battery was disseminated through email and social networks, which was answered by 1560 participants.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;The concern about the consequences of COVID-19 and its emotional impact increased when going from phase 1 to phase 2 of the pandemic. In addition, it was identified that the emotional impact was greater in those who reported through Facebook® and television.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:&nbsp;</strong>The pandemic will have a progressive emotional impact as its phases progress and the importance of informing oneself in adequate means to prevent emotional consequences.</span></p> 2021-01-18T11:43:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Condom use in deaf young people from Mexico City: what they know and how they use it 2021-01-20T15:20:23-05:00 Silvia Susana Robles-Montijo Yuma Yoaly Pérez-Bautista <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">In studies carried out with young people without hearing impairment, the problem of considering the report of condom use as a preventive behavior is evidenced, since this by itself is not an indicator of its correct use.&nbsp;<strong>Objective</strong>: To evaluate the level of knowledge that deaf young people have about how to use a condom, the frequency with which they use it and the mistakes they make when using it, as well as exploring the relationship between these variables and the differences depending on the sex of the participants.&nbsp;<strong>Method</strong>: The Computerized Questionnaire on Sexual Health for Young Mexicans with Hearing Disabilities was used to evaluate, in a sample of 57 young Mexican deaf people (32 men and 25 women with an average age of 20.02 years), their sexual behavior, the level of knowledge on the correct use of condoms and the frequency of mistakes they make when using it during sex.&nbsp;<strong>Results</strong>: The main findings show that young people start their sexual life at an early age (17 years on average), have sex without using a condom, do not have adequate knowledge about how to use a condom, and those who reported using it made mistakes that were associated with breakage and slippage. Only in men was the level of knowledge negatively correlated with lifetime condom use (<em>r</em>=-.530,&nbsp;<em>p</em>=.002), and this, in turn, was positively correlated with frequency of failures (<em>r</em>=.466,&nbsp;<em>p</em>=.008).&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion</strong>: The study shows that young deaf people are unaware of how to use a condom and make mistakes when using it during sex, which places them in a vulnerable situation to STIs and unwanted pregnancies. The study provides evidence that highlights the need to direct efforts towards the design of training programs in the correct use of condoms for this population.</span></p> 2021-01-20T15:19:53-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gender, psycho-emotional impacts and experiences associated with COVID-19 in adults from Guadalajara, Mexico 2021-10-09T11:16:53-04:00 Bersabee Aguirre Gutiérrez Karla Alejandra Contreras Tinoco <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;COVID-19 is a virus that not only affects physical health, but also impacts people's psycho-emotional health and daily life, altering family, work, relationship, educational and learning dynamics, among many others<strong>. Objetive:</strong>&nbsp;This study sought to determine gender differences in terms of psycho-emotional impacts and experiences related to the COVID-19 pandemic in the adult population of the metropolitan area of Guadalajara, Mexico.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;A qualitative study was implemented, with theory based on the data, through semi-structured interviews (ten women and three men) and through a non-probabilistic convenience sampling.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;It stands out that the experience related to COVID-19 has generated negative emotions, couple conflicts and discomfort associated with the inability to carry out recreational activities. In the case of women, their routines have been disrupted and they have had a greater demand for the care and attention of their children (in terms of carrying out schoolwork, time spent together, etc.). In contrast, men show greater concern about the difficulty of working from home.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;The pandemic has impacted men and women differently, in the face of this new reality it is essential to activate the support elements that facilitate the externalization of mobility limitations, changes in the rhythm of life, emotional impact and stressful elements that the experience of COVID-19 could generate in the population.</span></p> 2021-07-24T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Older people at risk in times of pandemic? A qualitative study of coping narratives that support resilience in older people 2021-10-09T15:15:58-04:00 Lucía Pérez Sánchez Beatriz Guadalupe Maza Pérez Guiana Fernández De Lara López <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;The World Health Organization mentions that the stress that COVID-19 triggers and confinement are causing a strong psychological impact on societies, due to the relationship made of the binomial pandemic and death. The above exposes the political scenario of COVID-19 for the elderly that once again exhibits the image of the elderly as fragile beings, incapable of thinking and deciding for themselves, who must be cloistered and isolated. However, despite the empirical evidence that shows a vulnerable and at-risk population in the context of the current pandemic, other theoretical views differ and emphasize the strengths that are manifested in this stage of life.&nbsp;<strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;To understand the narrative construction and resilient processes that the older adult population has experienced concerning COVID-19. Special attention was paid to the discourse on psycho-emotional consequences, social beliefs about old age, discrimination, as well as the omissions of human rights and dignity of the elderly.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;qualitative descriptive cross-sectional ethnomethodological design, with a continuous inclusion sample, corresponding to 15 participants, between 64 and 85 years old, living in Mexico.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;It was identified that the participating older adults have sufficient psycho-emotional coping resources, due to the efficacy of the regulation of the feelings experienced. However, it is still influenced by the social perception of stereotypes and stigmatization.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:</strong>&nbsp;The results coincide with the postulates of positive psychology and psycho-gerontology regarding the development of capacities and potentialities as a continuous process, and that in older adulthood they become present, thanks to the accumulation of experiences, individual and collective. This underlines the importance of including other ways in which old age is lived and studied, and therefore in the methodologies and proposals for intervention.</span></p> 2021-09-22T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Religious and Spiritual Struggles Brief Inventory: Initial Validation and Psychometric Study 2021-10-10T15:17:43-04:00 Juan González-Rivera Yazmín Álvarez-Alatorre <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;Religious and spiritual struggles are psychological conflicts associated with a relationship with divinity or religious organizations' particular practices and teachings. These struggles can affect health and well-being, causing emotional distress and pain.&nbsp;<strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a brief measure that examines religious and spiritual struggles (R/E) from the theoretical framework of Exline.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;This research had an instrumental design. An availability sampling composed of 312 participants residing in Puerto Rico was used.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;The psychometric analysis confirmed that the scale has a four-dimensional structure (divine struggles, interpersonal struggles, evil struggles, intrapersonal struggles), solid reliability, construct validity, and convergent validity. The 14 items met good discrimination values.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:</strong>&nbsp;These results suggest that the instrument can measure four types of R/E struggles in Puerto Rican adults. Furthermore, this new instrument will allow the advancement of new research on R/E struggles in Puerto Rico and Latin America.</span></p> 2021-07-15T02:19:21-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Psychometric Analysis of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale in Argentinean Population 2021-04-03T11:14:37-04:00 Leandro Eidman Julieta Arbizu Agustín Marturet <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;The purpose of this research was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale to measure anxiety symptoms associated with COVID-19 in a sample of the Argentine population.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;A non-randomized sample of 1098 subjects residing in different provinces of the Argentine Republic was used. The average age was 36.68 (<em>SD</em>&nbsp;= 14.34,&nbsp;<em>Min</em>&nbsp;= 18,&nbsp;<em>Max</em>&nbsp;= 83), 78.1% were women and 21.9% were men. A non-experimental, cross-sectional, instrumental study was designed. The epistemological basis used was classical psychometry.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;Psychometric analyses reported that the scale has a one-dimensional structure with adequate reliability and validity (Ω = .93). The items met expected values for their discrimination, which showed that the instrument can distinguish between people with presence or absence of anxiety symptoms associated with Sars-Cov-2. The cut-off point for symptomatic identification was ≥ 10. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms by coronavirus was 22.4%.</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><strong><span lang="EN-US">Conclusions</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">: It can be concluded that this scale has an adequate format for its use in the Argentinean population in the context of coronavirus pandemic and its basic psychometric analysis indicated a good general performance of its measures, which allows identifying the presence or absence of anxiety symptoms.</span></p> 2021-03-28T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Prevalence and severity of academic burnout in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic 2021-10-10T15:19:18-04:00 Rosa Seperak-Viera Manuel Fernández-Arata Sergio Dominguez Lara <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;Academic burnout (AB) is an insidious process characterized by the feeling of emotional exhaustion due to the demands of academic life. Despite its impact on people's health, its prevalence has not yet been reported in Peru. The objective was<strong>&nbsp;</strong>to estimate the prevalence of AB, based on the emotional exhaustion experienced by university students, and the differences according to the student's year of study and sex.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;Participants were 341 college students (76% women) from several institutions who were enrolled between the second and fourth year-of-studies. The Emotional Exhaustion Scale was used to measure students' AB.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;The prevalence of AB was described by percentages and the comparison between groups was performed with effect size measures. The results reveal BA levels at a high level (31.4%) and risk (11.7%). On the other hand, women score higher than men in BA, but no differences were found according to the year of study. The association with anxiety and depression was moderate.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:&nbsp;</strong>The prevalence of academic burnout was significant, and it is associated with anxiety and depression.</span></p> 2021-07-17T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Metacognition and Self-determination, Impulsivity and Emotional intelligence, and its relation with wellbeing and health indicators in young adults 2021-10-09T15:21:42-04:00 John Alexander Castro Muñoz María del Rocío Hernández-Pozo Igor Barahona Torres <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;From the evidence, it is inferred the influence of cognitive or motivational variables over the emotional ones and from these on the perception and self-reported wellbeing and health, with direct implications for health promotion and prevention.&nbsp;<strong>Method</strong>: a quantitative approach, descriptive, correlational cross-sectional with statistical explanatory analysis investigation was conducted, analyzing the data through path modeling of the partial least squares approach of the structural equations model, by using the Smart PLS software 3.3.2 version, analyzing consequently the convergent and discriminant validity of the model. A total 223 undergraduate university young adult students&nbsp;<span class="GramE">was</span>&nbsp;evaluated, 41 men (18,4%) and 182 women (81,6%) with ages between 18 and 30 years old (µ= 24,26 y&nbsp;</span><span lang="ES">σ</span><span lang="EN-US">=±3,30), from Bogotá Colombia participated.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;The results allowed to significant relations between the self – determination with the impulsivity and emotional intelligence, and from these with the psychological well-being and healthy habits. There were not identified significant relations between the metacognition and the impulsivity, although there are between metacognition and emotional intelligence.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:</strong>&nbsp;The proposed model about the significant relations between metacognition and self-determination with impulsivity and emotional intelligence and between these and the psychological well-being and healthy habits was confirmed. The specific result related to the absence of significant relations between metacognition and the impulsivity suggest for futures research, to emphasize on the metacognitive process implicated on the emotional components. The results are discussed, its implications and the necessity to be considered more determinants for the promotion of health.</span></p> 2021-09-22T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Associated factors to the sexual behavior in Peruvian women among 15 and 25 years old 2021-12-20T11:33:18-05:00 Walter L Arias Gallegos Renzo Rivera <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;The sexual behavior of women is associated with various protective or risk factors, which are important to assess. To determine the socioeconomic factors associated with the sexual behavior of Peruvian women within 15 and 25 years old.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;A secondary analysis of the 2016 Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES) was conducted. Our sample was 7962 women from 15 to 25 years old, from all over the Peruvian territory. Associative analyzes were carried out on the age of sexual initiation, the number of sexual partners and the use of contraceptives, based on sociodemographic variables. Poisson regression with robust variance was also used.&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;It was found the factors, that are associated with the age of sexual initiation and the number of sexual partners, are the area of origin, marital status, educational level, employment status and socioeconomic level. While women who work and whose partners do not drink alcohol are the most likely to use contraceptives.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusions:</strong>&nbsp;It can be concluded that certain socioeconomic and work conditions act as protective factors of female sexual behavior, while having a partner who drinks alcohol is a risk factor.</span></p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Construction and validation of a test of knowledge of contraceptive methods for adolescents 2022-01-09T09:46:03-05:00 Karla Elisa Cervantes Jácome Silvia Susana Robles Montijo José Cristóbal Pedro Arriaga Ramírez Juan José Sánchez Sosa <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Background</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">: Valid and reliable instruments are required to measure the level of information on contraceptive methods in adolescents to promote their correct use.&nbsp;<strong>Objective</strong>: To construct and validate a test of knowledge of contraceptive methods for adolescents between 15 and 19 years old.&nbsp;<strong>Method</strong>: A 36-item test was developed that included the different contraceptive methods and information on the characteristics, use, efficacy, advantages and disadvantages of these methods. Once validated by expert judges, a college in Ecatepec was randomly selected as data collection site. Students of the three school grades answered the test.&nbsp;<strong>Results</strong>: The test was applied to a total of 229 students between 15 and 19 years old (<em>M</em>&nbsp;= 16.22;&nbsp;<em>SD</em>&nbsp;= .978). The majority were women (66%), single (88.5%) and lived with their parents (62.9%). Of the 36 initial items, 31 showed discriminatory power between those who performed well on the test and those who did not. The difficulty index of the questionnaire was .45 and revealed a reliability index value of .739. Around 60% of the participants obtained a percentage below 50% of correct answers in the entire test. Only about 4% of participants got a percentage of correct responses higher than 70%. The categories of characteristics and use were those in which the participants performed best when answering 48% of these questions correctly. The worst was effectiveness, advantages and disadvantages with 33%.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion</strong>: The test’s psychometric properties showed that it is a valid and reliable test for its application in Mexican adolescents. The results indicate that most adolescents of the simple do not have complete information about contraceptive methods and that they know the least about their effectiveness and side effects.</span></p> 2021-12-15T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Psychological resources as predictors of emotional and behavioral issues in young University students 2022-01-14T11:32:29-05:00 María Elena Rivera Heredia Irma María Niebla Guzmán Xolyanetzin Montero Pardo <p><strong><span lang="EN-US">Introduction:&nbsp;</span></strong><a name="_Hlk92023182"></a><span lang="EN-US">Preventing problem behaviors in university students requires the identification of its causes and possible protective factors.&nbsp;<strong>Objective:</strong>&nbsp;To identify the psychological resources that can predict emotional and behavioral issues in young people.&nbsp;<strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;Four different scales were used to evaluate a non-probabilistic sample of 320 university students: the emotional and behavioral issues scales, the intra-family relationships scale, and the social resources scale and affective resources scale. The sample included 146 men and 173 women between the ages of 18 to 24 (mean: 20.04, standard deviation: 1.62).&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;The main findings show significant statistical negative correlations between the problem behaviors and the affective, social, and family resources. Regarding the differences between participants, women showed higher mean scores of depressions and somatic problems, while men showed higher scores of alcohols and tobacco consumption. The step-by-step regression results revealed depression to be the problem behavior with the highest explained variance (47%), predicted by difficulties in managing sadness, lack of self-control regarding anger, the expression of emotions, and problems with anger management.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion:</strong>&nbsp;Strengthening psychological resources and incorporating them in the design of universal and selective intervention programs is fundamental to prevent emotional and behavioral problems in university students to promote their positive development</span><span lang="EN-US">.</span></p> 2021-11-15T00:00:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Some considerations prior to estimating the reliability of psychometric instruments 2021-10-10T15:20:24-04:00 Nicolás Alejandro Vizioli <p>[Letter to the Editor]</p> 2021-09-25T00:00:00-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Collaboration of Clinical Psychology in the Critical Care Unit: prevention and treatment of post-ICU syndrome 2021-07-22T22:13:31-04:00 Luisa María Charco Roca Germán Martínez Granero María Dolores Gómez Castillo José María Jiménez Vizuete <p>Letter to the Editor:</p> <p>Currently, there is extensive knowledge regarding the emotional problems linked to critical illness, the treatments required by it, the associated experiences and post-ICU difficulties in patients, families and professionals. Some difficulties derived from admission to the ICU have been grouped under the so-called post-intensive care syndrome (or PICS). During acute critical illness, a series of preventive measures should be put in place that are focused on minimizing the impact of PICS. The aim of this work is to show the experience with the psychological intervention project in the Intensive Care Unit of Anesthesiology of the Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete (Spain). We consider that it is essential to report initiatives that improve the quality of care.</p> 2021-07-22T20:12:59-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##